Hair transplant procedure has come a long way through modifications to acquire the present shape. Even though a number of treatments are available for thinning hair and baldness, the only true way to restore a person's hairline is to seek treatment from a physician. It is important to see a dermatologic surgeon, who is well trained and experienced in this area, as hair restoration procedures greatly rely on the physician's skill and artistic quality. Each case of hair loss or baldness is different in terms of severity and the position of the natural hairline; therefore dermatologic surgeons have further refined the range of hair restoration procedures. Hair restoration procedure is modified in order to customize treatment to suit each patient's specific condition. The extent and pattern of hair loss, along with the patient's expectations, situation and lifestyle are deciding factors in the type of hair restoration procedure in the surgery. In many cases, a dermatologic surgeon may use a combination of hair restoration procedure to produce the best results.
Hair restoration procedure involves removal of small donor strips of hair-bearing scalp from the back and sides of the head, which are then divided into grafts for placement in the balding areas. The hair-bearing grafts are carefully inserted into small holes or slits that are made in the balding scalp. These holes or slits are sometimes made with a laser. The grafts can also be inserted between existing hairs to increase the density and thicken the area. In the past, the basic size of the grafts used in hair restoration procedure was between 4 and 5 mm. Over the last few years smaller and finer grafts, such as micrografts and mini-grafts, have been successfully used in hair restoration procedure. Initially, after the hair restoration procedure, the donor hair falls out in a few weeks, but regrows about three months later. It continues to grow for as long as the hair would have in the site from which it was removed. The areas of bald scalp are reduced by surgical excision approach of the hair restoration procedure, then pulling upward and lifting the hair-bearing skin together. Decreasing the size of the bald patch, this option offers a special benefit to patients with extensive balding. In the typical hair restoration procedure, scalp extenders or tissue expanders are sometimes used to increase the effectiveness of scalp reduction surgery.