Surgical hair restoration: Hair loss is a natural daily occurrence. On the average, fifty to one hundred fifty hairs are lost from the scalp of an adult each day, but most hair regrows because the hair follicle, the structure that makes the hair fiber, remains in the skin. Hair follicles go through a natural cycle of hair fiber growth production and rest. On the average scalp a hair follicle will grow a hair fiber for 2-6 years, before shedding it. The follicle then rests for up to 3 months before it starts to produce a new hair fiber. When the rate of growth and shedding are similar, hair density on the scalp is maintained. When shedding significantly exceeds hair growth, baldness occurs. Normally, hair loss is caused by heredity, androgen hormones and age. Genetic makeup determines if scalp hair follicles are sensitive to the androgen hormone dihydrotestosterone. Hair follicle cells with receptors for the hormone dihydrotestosterone receive a signal from the hormone causing them to shrink (a process called “miniaturization”). The more hormone there is and / or the more cell receptors there are for the hormone the more likely the scalp hair follicles will shrink. This shrinkage results in overall thinning hair with time. In addition, the aging process can weaken the hair follicle and consequently the ability to produce hair fiber is reduced. This also causes thinning hair and balding; a permanent hair loss.
Surgical hair restoration is the only permanent method of restoring hair currently available. And, when it comes to hair replacement, we all want the same result; a natural one. With micro-surgical hair transplants, the most advanced technique used in restoring hair, this is achieved. With this method of surgical hair restoration, the process of hair growth is not altered. The result is completely natural and virtually undetectable. Hair transplantation surgery, or surgical hair restoration, can boost self esteem and restore a more youthful and vigorous appearance. Surgical hair restoration is the single most effective treatment for baldness. Surgical hair restoration has improved in leaps and bounds over the past decade. In essence, it is an operation, which takes hair from the back of the head and moves it (transplants it) to the area of hair loss.
In the procedure of surgical hair restoration, a small section of tissue is removed from the donor area and is then dissected under magnification into individual follicular hair units and micro-grafts. After the hair grafts are carefully prepared for surgical hair restoration, they are strategically placed into bald or thinning hair areas. With surgical hair restoration, single-hair follicle units are placed at precise but varied angles in the frontal hair zone to create a soft, natural looking hairline. More, bigger follicular units and micro-grafts are placed behind the hairline, providing density and volume to cover the larger balding areas. After the operation, sometimes some hair in the transplanted areas falls out, but this is a temporary condition. The natural hair follicles can be “shocked” by the surgery going on around them and they respond by shutting down and later shedding their hair fiber. However, the hair follicles will start to grow new hair fibers once the healing process begins and with the growth of hair fiber from the new transplanted hair follicles.
Compared to many other cosmetic surgery procedures, surgical hair restoration is a comfortable and easy treatment for the patient. However, be aware of a slight potential risk of bleeding, scarring or infection as with all surgical procedures. Surgical hair restoration can present several problems as natural hair loss continues its progression after the operation. While the implanted hair follicles will survive and grow, the hair follicles already present will continue to miniaturize. No one can stop hair loss and its natural progression. To remedy this problem of progressive hair loss with age, additional “touch up” operations maybe required at a later time to fill in new areas of hair loss.